Dark Spots

Dark spots are formed as a result of extra pigment build-up due to excessive sun exposure, acne, hormonal changes (pregnancy), stress, insect bite, healing of injury, smoking etc. Dark spots are most common in people with medium to dark skin tones. Melanin is a major pigment that is responsible for providing color to the skin. So, the overproduction of melanin causes dark spots formation. Dark spots can cause cosmetic concerns in many people as it can affect their appearance and confidence level. Dark spots appear darker than the normal skin color and provide uneven skin tone. The dark spots mostly occur in the body areas that are most exposed to sunlight on a regular basis like face, arms, neck, hands, and back.

Dark Spots

Causes of dark spots formation

  • Acne
  • Burns
  • Wounds
  • Waxing
  • Bug bites
  • Linea nigra
  • Liver disease
  • Inflammation
  • Harsh scrubbing
  • Pituitary tumors
  • Addison’s disease
  • Medication side effects
  • Erythromelanosis follicularis
  • Diabetes and acanthosis nigricans
  • Sun exposure (UV rays and free radical damage)
  • Skin problems like psoriasis and contact dermatitis
  • Melasma (skin condition is most common in women during pregnancy)
  • Freckles 
  • Allergic reaction to certain skincare products like shampoos & makeup

Diagnosis for dark spots

  • Physical skin test
  • Blood test
  • Skin biopsy test
  • Patch type test

Dark spots may appear as light brown to dark brown colored patches on the skin. Color of the dark spots may vary from person to person depending upon the skin tone. Spots in people with dark-toned skin are a few shades darker than normal skin tone or shadowed or patchy. People with light skin tone suffer from problems like freckles and sunspots.

Summary
Article Name
Dark Spots
Description
Dark spots are formed as a result of extra pigment build-up due to excessive sun exposure, acne, hormonal changes (pregnancy), stress, insect bite, healing of injury, smoking etc. Dark spots are most common in people with medium to dark skin tones.
Author
Publisher Name
Digital GenNext

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